Employers have a duty to their employees to eliminate unsafe work conditions and unsafe acts. Here's how:
First, conduct a Job Hazard Analysis
, which is simply a checklist that breaks a task into steps. Identify the specific steps, analyze the exposure to undesirable or unfortunate happenings, and Viola! Now you have a tool to eliminate unsafe conditions and a blueprint for training your individuals on how the task can be completed without incident. (Find OSHA's explanation of Job Hazard Analysis here
Once there’s been an accident, no investigation is complete without a Root Cause Analysis
. This is basically a job hazard analysis in reverse. You need to find out what exposure caused the undesirable or unfortunate happening in the first place. Identify the step of the task that was responsible and whether it was an unsafe condition or an unsafe act.
These are the basic steps:
Pictures, videos, reenactments.
Everyone involved --- including witnesses; Ask them who, what, why, when, where and how.
What were the causes; people, environment, equipment, procedure.
Whatever was wrong that caused the problem in the first place.
New policy, procedure, training.
Make sure the changes really address the root cause.
For more information, please contact ESG's Safety Director at 888-810-8187.